功能和 API 概览

Android 14 面向开发者引入了一些出色的新功能和 API。以下几部分内容可帮助您了解适用于您的应用的功能并开始使用相关 API。

有关新增、修改和移除的 API 的详细列表,请参阅 API 差异报告。如需详细了解新的 API,请访问 Android API 参考文档,新 API 会突出显示以方便查看。此外,如需了解平台变更可能会在哪些方面影响您的应用,请务必查看会影响以 Android 14 为目标平台的应用所有应用的 Android 14 行为变更。



Android 14 expands on the per-app language features that were introduced in Android 13 (API level 33) with these additional capabilities:

  • Automatically generate an app's localeConfig: Starting with Android Studio Giraffe Canary 7 and AGP 8.1.0-alpha07, you can configure your app to support per-app language preferences automatically. Based on your project resources, the Android Gradle plugin generates the LocaleConfig file and adds a reference to it in the final manifest file, so you no longer have to create or update the file manually. AGP uses the resources in the res folders of your app modules and any library module dependencies to determine the locales to include in the LocaleConfig file.

  • Dynamic updates for an app's localeConfig: Use the setOverrideLocaleConfig() and getOverrideLocaleConfig() methods in LocaleManager to dynamically update your app's list of supported languages in the device's system settings. Use this flexibility to customize the list of supported languages per region, run A/B experiments, or provide an updated list of locales if your app utilizes server-side pushes for localization.

  • App language visibility for input method editors (IMEs): IMEs can utilize the getApplicationLocales() method to check the language of the current app and match the IME language to that language.

语法变化 API

3 billion people speak gendered languages: languages where grammatical categories—such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and prepositions—inflect according to the gender of people and objects you talk to or about. Traditionally, many gendered languages use masculine grammatical gender as the default or generic gender.

Addressing users in the wrong grammatical gender, such as addressing women in masculine grammatical gender, can negatively impact their performance and attitude. In contrast, a UI with language that correctly reflects the user's grammatical gender can improve user engagement and provide a more personalized and natural-sounding user experience.

为帮助您针对区分性别的语言构建以用户为中心的界面,Android 14 引入了语法变化 API,让您无需重构应用便能添加对语法性别的支持。


Regional preferences enable users to personalize temperature units, the first day of the week, and numbering systems. A European living in the United States might prefer temperature units to be in Celsius rather than Fahrenheit and for apps to treat Monday as the beginning of the week instead of the US default of Sunday.

New Android Settings menus for these preferences provide users with a discoverable and centralized location to change app preferences. These preferences also persist through backup and restore. Several APIs and intents—such as getTemperatureUnit and getFirstDayOfWeek— grant your app read access to user preferences, so your app can adjust how it displays information. You can also register a BroadcastReceiver on ACTION_LOCALE_CHANGED to handle locale configuration changes when regional preferences change.

To find these settings, open the Settings app and navigate to System > Languages & input > Regional preferences.

Regional preferences screen in Android system settings.
Temperature options for regional preferences in Android system settings.


非线性字体放大至 200%

从 Android 14 开始,系统支持字体放大高达 200%,为弱视用户提供了符合网络内容无障碍指南 (WCAG) 的其他无障碍功能选项。




如果您已使用放大像素 (sp) 单位来定义文本大小,这些额外的选项和放大方面的改进将自动应用于应用中的文本。不过,您仍应在启用最大字号 (200%) 的情况下执行界面测试,确保应用能够正确应用字号,并且能够在不影响易用性的情况下适应较大的字号。

要启用 200% 字号,请按以下步骤操作:

  1. 打开“设置”应用,然后依次前往无障碍 > 显示大小和文字
  2. 字号选项中,点按加号 (+) 图标,直到启用最大字号设置,如本部分随附的图片所示。

针对文本大小使用放大像素 (sp) 单位

请务必始终以 sp 为单位指定文本大小。当应用使用 sp 单位时,Android 可以应用用户的首选文本大小,并相应地进行缩放。

不要为内边距或视图高度使用 sp 单位:使用非线性字体放大 sp 尺寸可能并不成比例,因此 4sp + 20sp 可能并不等于 24sp。

转换放大像素 (sp) 单位

使用 TypedValue.applyDimension() 从 sp 单位转换为像素,并使用 TypedValue.deriveDimension() 将像素转换为 sp。这些方法会自动应用适当的非线性放大曲线。

避免使用 Configuration.fontScaleDisplayMetrics.scaledDensity 对等式进行硬编码。由于字体放大现在是非线性的,因此这些字段不再准确。


Sharesheet 自定义操作和经过改进的排名系统

Android 14 updates the system sharesheet to support custom app actions and more informative preview results for users.

Add custom actions

With Android 14, your app can add custom actions to the system sharesheet it invokes. To customize actions with sharesheets, create your custom ChooserAction using ChooserAction.Builder and specify a list of your ChooserActions as the Intent.EXTRA_CHOOSER_CUSTOM_ACTIONS of the Intent created with Intent.createChooser.

This image shows the sharesheet displayed on an app, the result of the user
  sharing an image of a person. The sharesheet displays multiple icons
  representing possible contacts and apps to share the image with.

Improve ranking of Direct Share targets

Android 14 uses more signals from apps to determine the ranking of the direct share targets to provide more helpful results for the user. To provide the most useful signal for ranking, report the shortcut usage by calling pushDynamicShortcut with a corresponding shortcut when user sends a message to a contact, and attach the corresponding capability "actions.intent.SEND_MESSAGE" to that shortcut by calling ShortcutInfoCompat.Builder#addCapabilityBinding("actions.intent.SEND_MESSAGE").


Video: Predictive back animations

Android 13 introduced the predictive back-to-home animation behind a developer option. When used in a supported app with the developer option enabled, swiping back shows an animation indicating that the back gesture exits the app back to the home screen.

Android 14 includes multiple improvements and new guidance for Predictive Back:

With this Android 14 preview release, all features of Predictive Back remain behind a developer option. See the developer guide to migrate your app to predictive back, as well as the developer guide to creating custom in-app transitions.


Android 14 introduces several new PackageInstaller APIs that allow app stores to improve their user experience.

Request install approval before downloading

Installing or updating an app may require user approval. For example, when an installer making use of the REQUEST_INSTALL_PACKAGES permission attempts to install a new app. In prior Android versions, app stores can only request user approval after APKs are written to the install session and the session is committed.

Starting with Android 14, the requestUserPreapproval() method lets installers request user approval before committing the install session. This improvement lets an app store defer downloading any APKs until after the installation has been approved by the user. Furthermore, once a user has approved installation, the app store can download and install the app in the background without interrupting the user.

Claim responsibility for future updates

The new setRequestUpdateOwnership() method allows an installer to indicate to the system that it intends to be responsible for future updates to an app it is installing. This capability enables update ownership enforcement, meaning that only the update owner is permitted to install automatic updates to the app. Update ownership enforcement helps to ensure that users receive updates only from the expected app store.

Any other installer, including those making use of the INSTALL_PACKAGES permission, must receive explicit user approval in order to install an update. If a user decides to proceed with an update from another source, update ownership is lost.

Update apps at less-disruptive times

App stores typically want to avoid updating an app that is actively in use because this leads to the app's running processes being killed, which potentially interrupts what the user was doing.

Starting with Android 14, the InstallConstraints API gives installers a way to ensure that their app updates happen at an opportune moment. For example, an app store can call the commitSessionAfterInstallConstraintsAreMet() method to make sure that an update is only committed when the user is no longer interacting with the app in question.

Seamlessly install optional splits

With split APKs, features of an app can be delivered in separate APK files, rather than as a monolithic APK. Split APKs allow app stores to optimize the delivery of different app components. For example, app stores might optimize based on the properties of the target device. The PackageInstaller API has supported splits since its introduction in API level 22.

In Android 14, the setDontKillApp() method allows an installer to indicate that the app's running processes shouldn't be killed when new splits are installed. App stores can use this feature to seamlessly install new features of an app while the user is using the app.


To create a more standardized experience for detecting screenshots, Android 14 introduces a privacy-preserving screenshot detection API. This API lets apps register callbacks on a per-activity basis. These callbacks are invoked, and the user is notified, when the user takes a screenshot while that activity is visible.



Android's Path API is a powerful and flexible mechanism for creating and rendering vector graphics, with the ability to stroke or fill a path, construct a path from line segments or quadratic or cubic curves, perform boolean operations to get even more complex shapes, or all of these simultaneously. One limitation is the ability to find out what is actually in a Path object; the internals of the object are opaque to callers after creation.

To create a Path, you call methods such as moveTo(), lineTo(), and cubicTo() to add path segments. But there has been no way to ask that path what the segments are, so you must retain that information at creation time.

Starting in Android 14, you can query paths to find out what's inside of them. First, you need to get a PathIterator object using the Path.getPathIterator API:


val path = Path().apply {
    moveTo(1.0f, 1.0f)
    lineTo(2.0f, 2.0f)
val pathIterator = path.pathIterator


Path path = new Path();
path.moveTo(1.0F, 1.0F);
path.lineTo(2.0F, 2.0F);
PathIterator pathIterator = path.getPathIterator();

Next, you can call PathIterator to iterate through the segments one by one, retrieving all of the necessary data for each segment. This example uses PathIterator.Segment objects, which packages up the data for you:


for (segment in pathIterator) {
    println("segment: ${segment.verb}, ${segment.points}")


while (pathIterator.hasNext()) {
    PathIterator.Segment segment = pathIterator.next();
    Log.i(LOG_TAG, "segment: " + segment.getVerb() + ", " + segment.getPoints());

PathIterator also has a non-allocating version of next() where you can pass in a buffer to hold the point data.

One of the important use cases of querying Path data is interpolation. For example, you might want to animate (or morph) between two different paths. To further simplify that use case, Android 14 also has a new interpolate() method on Path. Assuming the two paths have the same internal structure, the interpolate() method creates a new Path with that interpolated result. This example returns a path whose shape is halfway (a linear interpolation of .5) between path and otherPath:


val interpolatedResult = Path()
if (path.isInterpolatable(otherPath)) {
    path.interpolate(otherPath, .5f, interpolatedResult)


Path interpolatedResult = new Path();
if (path.isInterpolatable(otherPath)) {
    path.interpolate(otherPath, 0.5F, interpolatedResult);

The Jetpack graphics-path library, now available in alpha, enables similar APIs for earlier versions of Android as well.


OpenJDK 17 更新

Android 14 将继续更新 Android 的核心库,以与最新 OpenJDK LTS 版本中的功能保持一致,包括适合应用和平台开发者的库更新和 Java 17 语言支持。


  • 将大约 300 个 java.base 类更新为支持 Java 17。
  • 文本块 - 为 Java 编程语言引入了多行字符串字面量。
  • instanceof 模式匹配:可让对象在 instanceof 中被视为具有特定类型,而无需任何额外的变量。
  • 密封类:允许您限制哪些类和接口可以扩展或实现它们。

得益于 Google Play 系统更新 (Project Mainline),6 亿多台设备能够接收包含这些更改的最新 Android 运行时 (ART) 更新。我们致力于为应用提供更加一致、安全的跨设备环境,并为用户提供独立于平台版本的新功能。

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