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호환 기기 페어링

Android 8.0(API 레벨 26) 이상을 실행하는 기기에서는 블루투스, BLE 및 Wi-Fi를 통해 호환 기기와 페어링할 때 표시되는 페어링 요청 대화상자를 맞춤설정할 수 있습니다.

앱에서 사용자에게 가능한 호환 기기 목록을 표시할지 또는 호환 기기 추천을 하나만 표시할지 지정할 수 있습니다. 또한 페어링 요청 대화상자에 표시되는 항목을 유형(블루투스, BLE 및 Wi-Fi)별 또는 기기 이름별로 필터링할 수도 있습니다.

다음 코드 스니펫은 사용자에게 휴대용 기기를 블루투스로 연결된 '내 기기'라는 단일 호환 기기와 페어링할지 여부를 묻는 대화상자를 표시하는 방법을 보여줍니다.

Kotlin

    class MyDeviceSelectionActivity : Activity() {

        private val deviceManager: CompanionDeviceManager by lazy(LazyThreadSafetyMode.NONE) {
            getSystemService(CompanionDeviceManager::class.java)
        }

        override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
            // ...

            // To skip filtering based on name and supported feature flags (UUIDs),
            // don't include calls to setNamePattern() and addServiceUuid(),
            // respectively. This example uses Bluetooth.
            val deviceFilter: BluetoothDeviceFilter = BluetoothDeviceFilter.Builder()
                    .setNamePattern(Pattern.compile("My device"))
                    .addServiceUuid(ParcelUuid(UUID(0x123abcL, -1L)), null)
                    .build()

            // The argument provided in setSingleDevice() determines whether a single
            // device name or a list of device names is presented to the user as
            // pairing options.
            val pairingRequest: AssociationRequest = AssociationRequest.Builder()
                    .addDeviceFilter(deviceFilter)
                    .setSingleDevice(true)
                    .build()

            // When the app tries to pair with the Bluetooth device, show the
            // appropriate pairing request dialog to the user.
            deviceManager.associate(pairingRequest,
                    object : CompanionDeviceManager.Callback() {

                        override fun onDeviceFound(chooserLauncher: IntentSender) {
                            startIntentSenderForResult(chooserLauncher,
                                    SELECT_DEVICE_REQUEST_CODE, null, 0, 0, 0)
                        }

                        override fun onFailure(error: CharSequence?) {
                            // Handle failure
                        }
                    }, null)
        }

        override fun onActivityResult(requestCode: Int, resultCode: Int, data: Intent) {
            when (requestCode) {
                SELECT_DEVICE_REQUEST_CODE -> when(resultCode) {
                    Activity.RESULT_OK -> {
                        // User has chosen to pair with the Bluetooth device.
                        val deviceToPair: BluetoothDevice =
                                data.getParcelableExtra(CompanionDeviceManager.EXTRA_DEVICE)
                        deviceToPair.createBond()
                        // ... Continue interacting with the paired device.
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
    

자바

    public class MyDeviceSelectionActivity extends Activity {
        private CompanionDeviceManager deviceManager;
        private AssociationRequest pairingRequest;
        private BluetoothDeviceFilter deviceFilter;

        private static final int SELECT_DEVICE_REQUEST_CODE = 42;

        @override
        public void onCreate() {
            // ...
            deviceManager = getSystemService(CompanionDeviceManager.class);

            // To skip filtering based on name and supported feature flags (UUIDs),
            // don't include calls to setNamePattern() and addServiceUuid(),
            // respectively. This example uses Bluetooth.
            deviceFilter = new BluetoothDeviceFilter.Builder()
                    .setNamePattern(Pattern.compile("My device"), null)
                    .addServiceUuid(new ParcelUuid(new UUID(0x123abcL, -1L)))
                    .build();

            // The argument provided in setSingleDevice() determines whether a single
            // device name or a list of device names is presented to the user as
            // pairing options.
            pairingRequest = new AssociationRequest.Builder()
                    .addDeviceFilter(deviceFilter)
                    .setSingleDevice(true)
                    .build();

            // When the app tries to pair with the Bluetooth device, show the
            // appropriate pairing request dialog to the user.
            deviceManager.associate(pairingRequest,
                    new CompanionDeviceManager.Callback() {
                        @Override
                        public void onDeviceFound(IntentSender chooserLauncher) {
                            startIntentSenderForResult(chooserLauncher,
                                    SELECT_DEVICE_REQUEST_CODE, null, 0, 0, 0);
                        }
                    },
                    null);
        }

        @Override
        public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
            if (requestCode == SELECT_DEVICE_REQUEST_CODE &&
                    resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
                // User has chosen to pair with the Bluetooth device.
                BluetoothDevice deviceToPair =
                        data.getParcelableExtra(CompanionDeviceManager.EXTRA_DEVICE);
                deviceToPair.createBond();

                // ... Continue interacting with the paired device.
            }
        }
    }